Miyajima (宮島) is one of the crown jewels of Japan. Located off the coast of Hiroshima, Miyajima has been considered a holy place for most of Japanese history. In 806 AD, the monk Kōbō Daishi ascended Mt. Misen and established the mountain as an ascetic site for the Shingon sect of Buddhism. In the past, women were not allowed on the island and old people were shipped elsewhere to die, so that the ritual purity of the site would not be spoiled. These days, strict measures are taken to ensure that the site retains a classically Japanese Edo-era look.